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October 25 is a very special day in Indian democracy. The election process began on the same day in 1951, when the first ballot was cast in Chini, Himachal Pradesh. That electoral process, which lasted for almost four months, from October 25, 1951 to February 21, 1952, brought India into the ranks of democracies around the world. An important point is that in the first Lok Sabha elections, voter expenditure was 60 paise, which increased to around Rs 72 in the 2019 elections.
Everyone knows that India gained independence on August 15, 1947 and became a republic on January 26, 1950. However, few know how the first general election was held in 1951-52 and how the voting took place. In the first election, there were 17 crore 32 lakh 12 thousand 343 voters in India for 497 seats in the Lok Sabha and 3,283 seats in the state assemblies. Voting took place in 68 stages. Due to the freedom struggle, the name of the Congress was put among the common people. Because of this the Congress won a majority of 364 seats. The Communist Party of India became the second largest party by winning 16 seats. At that time there was more than one seat in a constituency, which is why elections were held in 401 constituencies for 489 seats. The system has been in place since the 1960s. There are 314 constituencies with one seat. There are two seats in 86 constituencies and three seats in one constituency.
In the first election, 10.59 crore people made history by electing their leader. Of these 10.59 crore, 85% are illiterate. Election signs have been set up for parties and candidates in view of illiterate voters. Each party has a separate ballot box with election symbols. 2.12 crore boxes of iron were made and 62 crore ballots were printed.
Sukumar Sen is the Chief Election Commissioner. He worked from voter registration, determination of party election symbols and selection of qualified officials to conduct clean elections. Ballot boxes and ballots made it very difficult to reach the polling booth. In the hilly areas of Manipur, locals were lured with blanket and gun licenses to carry election materials to polling booths. Well, this electoral process has gradually evolved and today, as the largest democracy in the world, we are teaching the world how to conduct elections.
October 25 will also be remembered for these events: