Kabul, Afghanistan – In a long struggle waged by men, she was a rare female warrior who defended her fiefdom in northern Afghanistan against an alliance with the Taliban, her own relatives, and even the US-backed central government .
When she grew up in her 70s, sick and sick with a sore knee, the chieftain, Bibi Ayesha, boasted of having an undefeated record in decades of war. She is popularly known by Ek Nami de Gurre: Commander Kattar, meaning “pigeon in Persian”, because she left and Killed with pride As a bird, “put it in the form of a profile.
On Thursday, the Taliban announced the end of their high-flying days: Commander Kattar, along with his men, had surrendered to them, he said in a statement.
“He was welcomed by our invited and guidance commission officials,” the statement said.
Local officials in the rest of Baghlan province, where he is based, and his relatives confirmed the commander’s surrender and said it was an act of survival. His valley was so surrounded, other neighboring militias were already advancing towards the Taliban, as he had no choice.
Mohammad Hanif Kohgdai, a member of Bagalan Provincial Council representing the district of Commander Kaftar, said that he had reached a deal through a Taliban commander belonging to his family.
“The Taliban spent the night at Commander Kaftar’s house, they ate there,” Kohindai said in an interview on Friday. “Today, he left home and took 13 weapons and other military gear with him.”
One of Commander Kaftar’s sons played the episode, saying it was more difficult than surrender.
“It’s just a rumor. My mother is ill, ”Raz Mohammed is one of his three remaining sons. (Three other people were killed during the fighting years.) “He has not joined the Taliban. We no longer fight the Taliban; We have weapons to protect ourselves from our enemies. “
Commander Kfter’s surrender does little for the Taliban, but there is another propaganda victory against the struggling Afghan government, suggesting that some rebels were switching sides in a bloody, deadlocked war. The Taliban has rapidly reached the dismay of the Afghan government amid military conflicts in the country. Sustained US withdrawal.
For a group in the 1990s that confined women to their homes, when they were in power in the 1990s, a Taliban alliance with a female commander could prove difficult. The Taliban has not provided any detailed status yet. Ongoing peace talks On the role of women in future government. But what makes Commander Kaffter’s innings easier is that he joins hundreds of men in a deeply conservative and misguided society.
The surrender exposes a major vulnerability of the Afghan government: its rescue depends partly on the mistreatment of thousands of untrusted militias and the history of local feudal records and switching sides.
President Ashraf Ghani has sent mixed signals about the militia over the years.
When Mr. Ghani came into office in late 2014, he aggressively tried to eliminate the militia. Facing the president’s wrath, the militia’s commanders refused to fight the Taliban, opening the way for the rebels to march on Kunduz City.
In recent years, the Afghan army and police have been diluted against Taliban criminals, with Mr. Ghani accepting the militia as a reality. Over the summer, the Afghan president publicly talked about “investing more” in some militias as a line of defense.
The experience of Commander Kaptar reveals the complex reality upon which American-controlled democracy is built – the legacy of the previous invasion and the years of rule of chaos and war.
His reputation began to grow with the assassination of Soviet commandos who swallowed his valley during an invasion that began in 1979. He did not lay down his arms since he protected his valley as a small state. Even when the Taliban swept through most of Afghanistan in the 1990s, it shut them down.
She has often heard how she taunts the Taliban commander for her province with a no-defeat motion: if she arrests him, she will parade him across the city on a donkey and to be defeated by a woman People will laugh at him. And if he is arrested? The city will scold the Taliban commander for arresting a woman.
After the US invasion in 2001, the new Afghan government stepped in to displace the militia like them. He and several other militia commanders protested. Asked the government to disarm him, he said, “If they come, you will see what I will do for the government.”
Even in Kabul, she is celebrated as an anti-Taliban and an inspiration for women, with the country’s former human rights chief attending a ceremony hosted by the Vice President of Afghanistan.
“This war will not end in peace – only God, or this beautiful Kalashinkov can solve it,” he once said in an interview, arms in his lap. “The Taliban are not capable of change or reform.”
But whenever media reports state that 20 of his family members who lost in a war with the Taliban have been involved in a fight in recent years, the family is involved in a quarrel.
Some of those controversies, in which she had a quarrel with one of her sisters, were dragged along with many dead on each side over two decades. In another long brawl, he chased a relative from the valley after death on both sides, only for the man who returned years later as commander of the Taliban.
The news of Commander Kaftar’s fate raised the question of whether it was the result of a conflict between two families, or as it was publicly portrayed: the militia commander’s surrender to the Taliban leader. In a large part of Afghanistan, with Battle lines are becoming increasingly blurredTwo are the same.
Writer Jennifer Percy wrote, “Commander Pigeon was an old dead warrior, a broken woman,” 2014 profile In The New Republic. “Alone, he survived the meditation on his ability to inspire fear through the power of his own myth. In Afghanistan, the ability to create mythology is powerful, perhaps even more powerful than military prowess.”