BANGKOK – 112 number is feared in Thailand. It refers to section 112 of the country’s criminal code, which sentences the king and his close to three to 15 years in prison.
On Tuesday night, a leader of the protest movement who is calling for a change in Thailand’s monarchy and political system, has received summons to face several charges of what is known as crime. It was the first time that section 112 was enacted during protests, which have brought thousands of people to the streets since July.
The protest leader, commonly known as Penguin, should report to a police station by December 1 to face charges, which stem from speeches delivered in September and this month. In those speeches, Mr. Parit and others called for the monarchy to come under the Thai constitution and allow the public to examine its substantial assets.
Eleven other protest leaders have Also received summons for Lasse-Majeste FeeAccording to the International Federation for Human Rights, which works with human rights lawyers in Thailand. According to legal scholars, Section 112 has not been used to prosecute individuals for the last 112 years.
By Wednesday afternoon, some leaders were inaccessible, with their phones switched off. A police spokesman refused to confirm or deny the Lèse-Mezze summons.
112 was resurrected a few hours before a rally in Bangkok on Wednesday to return the tax money to the people of King Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodhindradeyavarangkun, who say the protesters fund their lavish lifestyles and the world’s most Used to fill the coffers of one of the wealthy monarchies.
It was only the first protest to focus on overhauling the monarchy, as opposed to tying the issue together with the 2014 coup calling for the resignation of Prime Minister Prathuth Chan-Osha.
“I’m not afraid,” Mr. Parit said on Tuesday night, after receiving his summons. “I am more concerned about the country if they are still using 112 in politics like this. This will worsen the monarchy. “
He said, “I’ll still talk tomorrow.” “Everything will be the same.” nothing will change.”
In just a few months, Thailand has transformed from a country where the monarchy is criticized only to where protesters have spray-painted “the king is dead” on the streets of Bangkok.
Strong criticism, especially from Thailand’s youth, has praised the Royalists and left Mr. Prathuth, a retired general who upheld the 2014 coup to protect the monarchy, with a rapidly changing landscape.
“Strengthening law depends on what society thinks is fine and not well, but in Thailand, we saw this sea change and what happened yesterday would not be the day it is.” Scholars who have studied the application of Section 112 over the years.
“When we look back 10 years from the time of the collapse of the monarchy, we can say that this moment of using 112 was a big misstep, a self inflicted wound that often accompanies fading entities. ,” They said. .
Thailand abolished complete monarchy in 1932, but respect for the king was institutionalized for decades, especially under King Maha Vajirlongkorn’s father, Bhumibol Adulyadej, who ruled for 70 years and was succeeded by the United States as a communist. Seen as a field against revolutions.
Images of both emperors, envisioned as semi-celestial beings, range from giant hoardings across the country to small portraits in small warehouses near international airports. When politicians are given an audience with the emperor, they usually prostrate themselves and slide sideways to show their respect.
In many theaters, even theaters play the royal anthem, and people were conditioned to stand with respect or face potential consequences. (This has changed in recent weeks, as far as theaters have so few people to congratulate Raja’s photo montage.)
Those who have survived false accusations over the years include Thai academics who called for reforms in the monarchy, a foreigner who refuted a portrait of the former king, and King Maha Kajilangkorn’s The third wife had relatives, who were purged in 2014. . Two years after the 2014 coup, the Section 112 lawsuit grew rapidly.
Bhumibol – better known as Rama IX, was the ninth emperor in the Chakri dynasty – died in 2016. His son has spent most of his reign living in Europe, although he returned to Thailand last month with his fourth wife, his son, and a great concert, an official title given to his mistress.
After acquiring the crown, King Maha Wazirlongkorn asserted his authority over influential military units. He also took direct control over the crowning property.
Even before Section 112 came into force late on Tuesday, other laws were used against student-led protesters against whom the campaign was launched Conservative school rules And later widened its movement to include calls for an overhaul of Thailand’s leadership structure.
Mr. Parit and others have been charged with various offenses such as treason, with imprisonment of up to seven years.
Last month, several protesters were charged with mysterious crime, sentenced to possible life imprisonment, after committing “an act of violence against the Queen’s liberty”, she raised her hands in defense and Shouting slogans Queen and heir apparent.
Thailand lawyers said it The section of the criminal code was so vague It did not appear in the database of cases that appeared before the Supreme Court.
On 17 November, dozens of people were injured when police directed water cannons and tear gas at the protesters. A handful of people suffered gunshot wounds, although police said they did not use any bullet.
A day later, protesters Converted into national police headquarters In Bangkok, King’s sexual insult spray-painting on walls and on pavements. Mr. Prathuth soon warned that officials would “enforce all related laws against protesters who violate the law.”
The 16-year-old student leader, Benjamorn Niwas, said that Lessey-Majeste’s audience may have made him more careful in publicly criticizing the monarchy, but not because his feelings about the need for reform had shifted.
“I want to fight till the day when no one can fight, then I will put others in jail,” she said.
In June, Mr. Prathuth noted that the Lasse-Majeste indictments were closed in late 2017. “do you know why?” he said. “This was because the king was good enough to dictate that it not be used.”
Opposition politicians called for the abolition of the Lez-Majeste law. It is not clear why it is being used again now.
“Many questions arise,” said Mr. Streakfuss, scholar. “What right does the king have to say that lèse-majesté should not be used?” And is he now asking the government to use it? In either case, it puts the entire question of 112 as a problematic law in even greater relief, and it will not deter protesters. ”
“If anything,” he said, “it will lay eggs on them.”